History of Bella Vista de Guerrero Ranch

 

THE TERRITORY OF ABORIGINES

The word “Pampa” (or plain) appoints indigenous of the Argentinean plains that starts to be used after 1600.
Bella Vista, located in this extension, witnessed during the sixteenth century a reduced displacement of indigenous communities (Querandí, Tehuelches) who lived as nomads, hunters, gatherers and fishermen, looking for the best weather conditions and using existing resources to filled, feed and arm their whereabouts with skins guanaco, rhea and other minor species, like the hare and fox.
The incorporation of the horse during the seventeenth century, and the rise of livestock introduced by the Spaniards, transformed the culture. It took more territory, the indigenous social organization became more complex, the institution of “cacicazgo” its leadership scattered to numerous bands with a special organization for war from the use of new offensive weapons (the spear replaces the traditional bow and arrow) and defensive (the leather horse armor).

The economic activities began to have predatory characteristics, because the bands came to the villages to steal cattle that by that time was all over the lands.

THE CONQUEST

Competition for livestock, the need for inclusion of labor and dominion over the earth, originated the progress of settlers on the Aborigines as well as actions were introduced Evangelist Church who introduced the reductions.

Constant entries against the Aborigines (malocas, brokerage and Pacific) were violently repelled by those(Malone).
An alliance between different indigenous nations (1659) leads them to cross the Rio Salado and decidedly storm stays north of the same.

A General Registration of the aborigines in 1677 gives some idea of peace, but new raids to the north of Salado leads the authorities to initiate legal "defensive war", a long conflict that will culminate two centuries after with the Generals Roca campaign.

Relations between aborigines and whites will be increasingly strained, further aggravated by a sudden introduction of the “araucanos” of Chilean origin.

“ESTANCIEROS” RANCHERS

“Cimarrones” animals gave rise to the first organized farming, the “Vaquerías” (1600 - 1750), real hunting of cows to extract from them leather, tallow and grease.

This attitude led to broaden the distances in order to continue hunting animals and try to develop a fledgling farming and  getting into the territory of the aborigines, expand the settlements, and gives rise to the interest in land and the creation of colonial ranches or Estancias(1750 - 1810).

There were four ways of becoming an “estanciero”: For the mercy of the king, by buying land on its own, by public sale or by pecuniary composition.

Throughout this process the figure assumed ownership of the gaucho, free and independent character, clever and useful worker in rural activities. Inhabitant of ranches in the Pampa, tipping his vices in the “pulperías”, practiced his love for the game, horse racing and Cockfighting, always accompanied by his “facón”.

THE ALZAGA AND THE GUERREROS

The origins of Bella Vista can be traced back to an initial distribution of land to the south of Salado, between the steps of the “Callejom” and the “Postrera” in 1804.

In 1825 there is an allotment of land to Don Felix de Alzaga who receives the gift of Juan Manuel de Rosas in retribution for his performance as head of Regiment.

Dead Don Felix in 1841, inherits her son Martin de Alzaga and grandson of Martin Alzaga, who lead the conspiracy against the revolutionary government of May and was shot and hanged in 1812.

Don Martin de Alzaga, in 1862, marries Felicitas Guerrero, with whom he has two sons. He can not overcome the loss of them and dies.

Felicitas became a widow by the age of 26 years, inherits all his possessions until she tragically died in 1872 at her house in Barracas, victim of a terrible history of passions.

Don Carlos Guerrero and his wife Doña Felicitas Cueto, her parents, inherit the property and when they died, in 1909 the seven brothers of Felicitas receive the same properties.

It begins a process of repetition of ownership recognized until today, four main properties and their respective headlines: “La Postrera”, “La Raquel” (Ex Station), “La Pelada and “Bella Vista”, the second still retaining links with the Guerrero´s Family.